Isavuconazole in a successful combination treatment of disseminated mucormycosis in a child with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and generalized haemochromatosis: a case report and review of the literature.
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut "Pomnik - Centrum Zdrowia Dziecka"
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Mycopathologia
ISSN
0301-486X
EISSN
1573-0832
Wydawca
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2019
Numer zeszytu
1
Strony od-do
81-88
Numer tomu
184
Link do pełnego tekstu
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Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 10)
Pozostali autorzy
+ 9
Słowa kluczowe
en
children
Cunninghamella
Isavuconazole
mucormycosis
Streszczenia
Język
angielski
Treść
Invasive mucormycosis in immunocompromised children is a life-threatening fungal infection. We report a case of a 7-year-old girl treated for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia complicated by disseminated mucormycosis during induction therapy. Microscopic examination of surgically removed lung tissue revealed wide, pauci-septate hyphae suggesting a Mucorales infection. This diagnosis was confirmed immunohistochemically and by PCR analysis followed by a final identification of Cunninghamella sp. The patient was treated successfully with surgical debridement and antifungal combination therapy with amphotericin B, caspofungin and isavuconazole. The use of isavuconazole in a child was not previously reported. Additionally, case reports concerning pulmonary mucormycoses in paediatric population published after 2010 were reviewed. Nineteen out of 26 identified patients suffered from haematological diseases. Reported mortality reached 38.5%. By the fact of rising morbidity, unsatisfactory results of treatment and remaining high mortality of mucormycoses in immunocompromised patients, new therapeutic options are warrant. Isavuconazole, with its broad-spectrum activity, good safety profile and favourable pharmacokinetics, is a promising drug. However, further studies are necessary to confirm positive impact of isavuconazole on mucormycosis treatment in children.
Cechy publikacji
review-article
Inne
System-identifier
0000018171
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