The moderating role of cognitive biases on the relationship between negative affective states and psychotic-like experiences in non-clinical adults
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Filozoficzny (Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
Psychiatry Research (30pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
0165-1781
EISSN
0925-4927
Wydawca
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2018
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
118-127
Numer tomu
265
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Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 2)
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
Negative emotions and cognitive biases are important factors underlying psychotic symptoms and psychotic-like experiences (PLEs); however, it is not clear whether these factors interact when they influence psychotic phenomena. The aim of our study was to investigate whether psychosis-related cognitive biases moderate the relationship between negative affective states, i.e. anxiety and depression, and psychotic-like experiences. The study sample contains 251 participants who have never been diagnosed with psychiatric disorders. Anxiety, depression, cognitive biases, and psychotic-like experiences were assessed with self-report questionnaires. A moderation analysis was performed to examine the relationship between the study variables. The analyses revealed that the link between anxiety and positive PLEs is moderated by External Attribution bias, whereas the relationship between depression and positive PLEs is moderated by Attention to Threat bias. Attributional bias was also found to moderate the association between depression and negative subclinical symptoms; Jumping to Conclusions bias served as a moderator in the link between anxiety and depression and negative PLEs. Further studies in clinical samples are required to verify the moderating role of individual cognitive biases on the relationship between negative emotional states and full-blown psychotic symptoms.
Cechy publikacji
original-article
peer-reviewed
Inne
System-identifier
68193
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