Betulin promotes differentiation of human osteoblasts in vitro and exerts an osteoinductive effect on the HfOB 1.19 cell line through activation of JNK, ERK1/2, and mTOR kinases
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Biologii i Biotechnologii (Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
angielski
Czasopismo
MOLECULES
ISSN
1420-3049
EISSN
Wydawca
MDPI AG
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2019
Numer zeszytu
14
Strony od-do
E2637 (1-16)
Numer tomu
24
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Streszczenia
Język
angielski
Treść
Although betulin (BET), a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpene, has a variety of biological activities, its osteogenic potential has not been investigated so far. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of BET on differentiation of human osteoblasts (hFOB 1.19 and Saos-2 cells) in vitro in osteogenic (with ascorbic acid as an osteogenic supplement) and osteoinductive (without an additional osteogenic supplement) conditions. Osteoblast differentiation was evaluated based on the mRNA expression (RT-qPCR) of Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), type I collagen-α1 (COL1A1), and osteopontin (OPN). Additionally, ALP activity and production of COL1A1 (western blot analysis) and OPN (ELISA) were evaluated. The level of mineralization (calcium accumulation) was determined with Alizarin red S staining. BET upregulated the mRNA level of RUNX2 and the expression of other osteoblast differentiation markers in both cell lines (except the influence of BET on ALP expression/activity in the Saos-2 cells). Moreover, it increased mineralization in both cell lines in the osteogenic conditions. BET also increased the mRNA level of osteoblast differentiation markers in both cell lines (except for ALP in the Saos-2 cells) in the osteoinductive conditions, which was accompanied with increased matrix mineralization. The osteoinductive activity of BET in the hFOB 1.19 cells was probably mediated via activation of MAPKs (JNK and ERK1/2) and mTOR, as the specific inhibitors of these kinases abolished the BET-induced osteoblast differentiation. Our results suggest that BET has the potential to enhance osteogenesis.
Inne
System-identifier
PX-5d91a5d3d5defb833b7fa7dd
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