Assessment of the pollution and ecological risk of lead and cadmium in soils
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Uprawy Nawożenia i Gleboznawstwa - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
angielski
Czasopismo
ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMISTRY AND HEALTH (35pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
0269-4042
EISSN
1573-2983
Wydawca
SPRINGER
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2018
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
2325-2342
Numer tomu
40
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
angielski
Bioavailability
Cadmium
Geostatistics
Lead
Risk assessment
Soil factors
Streszczenia
Język
angielski
Treść
The aim of the study was to assess the content, distribution, soil binding capacity, and ecological risk of cadmium and lead in the soils of Malopolska (South Poland). The investigation of 320 soil samples from differently used land (grassland, arable land, forest, wasteland) revealed a very high variation in the metal content in the soils. The pollution of soils with cadmium and lead is moderate. Generally, a point source of lead and cadmium pollution was noted in the study area. The highest content of cadmium and lead was found in the northwestern part of the area-the industrial zones (mining and metallurgical activity). These findings are confirmed by the arrangement of semivariogram surfaces and bivariate Moran's correlation coefficients. Among the different types of land use, forest soils had by far the highest mean content of bioavailable forms of both metals. The results showed a higher soil binding capacity for lead than for cadmium. However, for both metals, extremely high (class 5) accumulation capacities were dominant. Based on the results, the investigated soils had a low (Pb) and moderate (Cd) ecological risk on living components. Soil properties, such as organic C, pH, sand, silt, and clay content, correlated with the content of total and bioavailable forms of metals in the soils. The correlations, despite being statistically significant, were characterized by very low values of correlation coefficient (r = 0.12-0.20, at p ≤ 0.05). Therefore, the obtained data do not allow to define any conclusions as to the relationships between these soil properties. However, it must be highlighted that there was a very strong positive correlation between the total content of cadmium and lead and their bioavailable forms in the soils.
Cechy publikacji
oryginalny artykuł naukowy
Inne
System-identifier
PX-5ce39446d5de2860420356a4
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