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Synaptic polarity of the interneuron circuit controling C. elegans locomotion

Artykuł
Czasopismo : Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience   Tom: 7, Strony: 128
Franciszek Rakowski [1] , Jagan Srinivasan [2] , Paul Sternberg [3] , Jan Karbowski [4] , [5]
2013-10 angielski
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  • Oryginalny artykuł naukowy
  • Zrecenzowana naukowo
Abstrakty ( angielski )
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Caenorhabditis elegans is the only animal for which a detailed neural connectivity diagram has been constructed. However, synaptic polarities in this diagram, and thus, circuit functions are largely unknown. Here, we deciphered the likely polarities of seven pre-motor neurons implicated in the control of worm's locomotion, using a combination of experimental and computational tools. We performed single and multiple laser ablations in the locomotor interneuron circuit and recorded times the worms spent in forward and backward locomotion. We constructed a theoretical model of the locomotor circuit and searched its all possible synaptic polarity combinations and sensory input patterns in order to find the best match to the timing data. The optimal solution is when either all or most of the interneurons are inhibitory and forward interneurons receive the strongest input, which suggests that inhibition governs the dynamics of the locomotor interneuron circuit. From the five pre-motor interneurons, only AVB and AVD are equally likely to be excitatory, i.e., they have probably similar number of inhibitory and excitatory connections to distant targets. The method used here has a general character and thus can be also applied to other neural systems consisting of small functional networks.
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