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Nonlinear structure formation in the cubic Galileon gravity model

Artykuł
Czasopismo : JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS   Tom: 2013, Zeszyt: 10, Strony: 1-31
Alexandre Barreira [1] , [2] , Li Baojiu [1] , Wojciech A. Hellwing [1] , [3] , Carlton Baugh [1] , Silvia Pascoli [2]
2013-10 angielski
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We model the linear and nonlinear growth of large scale structure in the Cubic Galileon gravity model, by running a suite of N-body cosmological simulations using the ECOSMOG code. Our simulations include the Vainshtein screening effect, which reconciles the Cubic Galileon model with local tests of gravity. In the linear regime, the amplitude of the matter power spectrum increases by ~ 20% with respect to the standard ΛCDM model today. The modified expansion rate accounts for ~ 15% of this enhancement, while the fifth force is responsible for only ~ 5%. This is because the effective unscreened gravitational strength deviates from standard gravity only at late times, even though it can be twice as large today. In the nonlinear regime (kgsim0.1h Mpc−1), the fifth force leads to only a modest increase (lesssim8%) in the clustering power on all scales due to the very efficient operation of the Vainshtein mechanism. Such a strong effect is typically not seen in other models with the same screening mechanism. The screening also results in the fifth force increasing the number density of halos by less than 10%, on all mass scales. Our results show that the screening does not ruin the validity of linear theory on large scales which anticipates very strong constraints from galaxy clustering data. We also show that, whilst the model gives an excellent match to CMB data on small angular scales (lgsim50), the predicted integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect is in tension with Planck/WMAP results.
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