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At the core of airline foreign investment restrictions : a study of 121 countries

Artykuł
Czasopismo : Transport Policy   Zeszyt: 49, Strony: 234-251
Jan Walulik [1]
2016 angielski
Liczba arkuszy: 3,2
Link do publicznie dostępnego pełnego tekstu
Identyfikatory
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Cechy publikacji
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  • Oryginalny artykuł naukowy
  • Zrecenzowana naukowo
Dyscypliny naukowe
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Prawo , Transport
Słowa kluczowe
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Abstrakty ( angielski )
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There is a growing discrepancy between the success of economic liberalization in international air services and the remaining limits to trans-border airline investment, especially the constraints embedded in national airline establishment regimes. The discussion on this problem should be backed with adequate legal research concerning the actual state of regulations and government actions regarding airline investment. The aim of this article is, therefore, to deliver practical information on these limitations worldwide, along with careful annotations. The paper portrays the world-wide scale and extent of the discussed restrictions by presenting regulations on airline ownership and control in 121 states and territories. Normative characteristics of the airline nationality requirements are discussed based on the above material, key rulings and literature. This includes an analysis of legal construction of the limitations, their sources and addressees, relations of the ownership and control tests and the role of discretionary regulatory policy. The study shows that airline investment rules worldwide generally remain restrictive and that the potential for reform is outside the ownership and control-based system rather than within it.
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