×

Serwis używa ciasteczek ("cookies") i podobnych technologii m.in. do utrzymania sesji i w celach statystycznych. • Ustawienia przeglądarki dotyczące obsługi ciasteczek można swobodnie zmieniać. • Całkowite zablokowanie zapisu ciasteczek na dysku komputera uniemożliwi logowanie się do serwisu. • Więcej informacji: Polityka cookies OPI PIB

×

Regulamin korzystania z serwisu PBN znajduję się pod adresem: Regulamin serwisu

Szukaj wśród:
Dane publikacji

Postural Control in Young People with Visual Impairments and Various Risks of Falls

Artykuł
Czasopismo : JOURNAL OF VISUAL IMPAIRMENT & BLINDNESS   Tom: 111, Zeszyt: 3, Strony: 261-270
Dorota Sadowska [1] , Rafał Stemplewski [2] , Robert Szeklicki [2]
2017 angielski
Cechy publikacji
-
  • Oryginalny artykuł naukowy
  • Zrecenzowana naukowo
Abstrakty ( angielski )
-
Introduction: Early diagnosis of postural control deficiencies facilitates implementation of an individual rehabilitation plan to prevent falls. The aim of the study was to assess the risk of falling in individuals with visual impairments, and to compare performance-based and theoretical limits of stability in subjects with various risks of falling. Methods: The study was comprised of 23 participants with severe visual impairments. The risk of fall was assessed with the Step Test. Performance-based limits of stability were measured with the Advanced Mechanical Technology, Inc. (AMTI) platform, and theoretical limits of stability were calculated based on the height of the center of mass (COM) and maximum body sway leaning angles. Results: COM displacement values, corresponding to performance-based limits of stability, in individuals with visual impairments whose risk of falling was classified as high were significantly lower than the theoretical values (p ≤ .05). Similar differences were not observed in participants with visual impairments whose risk of falling was assessed as low. Individuals from the low-risk group showed significantly higher values of performance-based limits of stability than the participants from the high-risk group (p ≤ .01 for medio-lateral direction and p ≤ .05 for forward-backward direction). Discussion: Nearly half of young people with visual impairments are at increased risk of falling. Such persons showed lower performance-based limits of stability than participants with visual impairments with a low risk of falling. Performance-based limits of stability in individuals with visual impairments with a high risk of falling are lower than their theoretical limits of stability. Implications for practitioners: The fact that nearly half of young people with visual impairments are at an increased risk of falling necessitates implementation of preventive measures in this group, as well as among individuals who are blind.
Bibliografia
-
  1. 38 poz.
Zacytuj dokument
-