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Basal and stress-induced salivary testosterone variation across the menstrual cycle and linkage to motivation and muscle power

Artykuł
Czasopismo : SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE & SCIENCE IN SPORTS   Tom: 28, Zeszyt: 4, Strony: 1345-1353
Christian J. Cook [1] , [2] , [3] , Liam P. Kilduff [4] , [5] , Blair Crewther [6]
  • [1]
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia
  • [2]
    School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences, Bangor University, Bangor, UK
  • [3]
    Hamlyn Centre, Imperial College, London, UK
  • [4]
    A-STEM, School of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea, UK
  • [5]
    Welsh Institute of Performance Science (WIPS), Swansea University, Swansea, UK
  • [6]
2018-04 angielski
Liczba arkuszy: 1
Identyfikatory
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Cechy publikacji
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  • Oryginalny artykuł naukowy
  • Zrecenzowana naukowo
Dyscypliny naukowe
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Nauki o kulturze fizycznej , Nauki o zdrowiu
Słowa kluczowe
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Abstrakty ( angielski )
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This study investigated salivary testosterone (sal-T) variation across the menstrual cycle in female athletes, at different competitive levels, and its association with motivation and neuromuscular power. Six elite and 16 non-elite female athletes were monitored on days 7 (D7), 14 (D14), and 21 (D21) across 3 menstrual cycles for basal sal-T concentrations and self-appraised motivation to train and compete. Two further measures were taken on D7, D14, and D21 across 2 menstrual cycles: (1) the sal-T response (delta change) to a physical stress test and (2) peak power (PP) response to a 6-second cycle sprint following a post-activation potentiation (PAP) stimulus. Basal sal-T concentrations increased by 17 ± 27% from D7 to D14 before decreasing by −25 ± 43% on D21 (P < .05), but this result was biased by elite females with higher sal-T (>102%) who showed larger menstrual changes. Motivation, sal-T reactivity to stress, and the PP responses to a PAP stimulus also varied by testing day (P < .05), in parallel with basal sal-T and in favor of the elite group. Furthermore, stronger within-subject relationships (P < .001) between basal sal-T and motivation emerged in the elites (r = .70-.75) vs the non-elite group (r = .41-.50). In conclusion, menstrual cycle changes in sal-T were more obvious in high-performing female athletes with higher sal-T concentrations. This was accompanied by greater training motivation, a more pronounced sal-T response to a physical stressor and greater neuromuscular power in the elite group. These results support observations that female athletes with higher T are more represented at elite levels of performance.
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  1. 46 poz.
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