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Dane publikacji

Side movement differentiation in highly advanced competitors in the selected tract-and-flield of exercises presentend on competitions

Rozdział
2018 angielski
Liczba arkuszy: 0,9
Cechy publikacji
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  • Rozdział w książce
  • Zrecenzowana naukowo
  • Konferencyjna
Dyscypliny naukowe
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Nauki o kulturze fizycznej
Słowa kluczowe
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Dane konferencji
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  1. 14th International Scientific Conference of Sport Kinetics 2018 "Movement in Human Life and Health"
  2. 2018-06-24 - 2018-06-27
  3. Poreč, Chorwacja
Abstrakty ( angielski )
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AIM: The determination of the side differentiation of technique in the execution of selected kinds track-and-field events in highly-advanced competitors. METHODS: The research involved 447 athletes of both genders. The methods used were: interviews, questionnaires, observations (mainly during competitions), attempts and tests of basic and specific physical fitness, many months of pedagogical experiments, as well as laboratory measurements of: strength, jumping ability, range of movement in the joints, muscular and joint kinesthetics sensations. RESULTS: For the athletes specializing in long jump, the take-off limb was stronger, more dynamic and maifested a higher level of jumping ability. The leg dominant in hurdle attack in women and men was the left leg; however the range of this dominance was very diverse. In many track-and-field events of both women and men, there was a definite crossed functional asymmetry. With the skill improvement of jumps execution with both legs, the progression of results for the dominant limb was observed. CONCLUSIONS: 1. The findings of studies conducted on the track-and-field athletes competing in pentathlon and decathlon indicated the dominance of the left leg in jumps and right hand in the throws. There was a distinct – typical for men and women – variation of crossed asymmetry (right hand – left leg). 2. During the experiments, the following trend was observed: the symmetrization of the technique first induced a decrease in the results of jumps (in which the athletes were specialized), followed by their increase and stabilization at a higher level.
Bibliografia
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