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Dane publikacji

Physical activity and health in pregnancy: intensity and various types of activity and health behaviours

Rozdział
2018 angielski
Liczba arkuszy: 0,11
Cechy publikacji
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  • Rozdział w książce, Abstrakt
  • Zrecenzowana naukowo
  • Konferencyjna
Dyscypliny naukowe
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Nauki o kulturze fizycznej
Słowa kluczowe
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Dane konferencji
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  1. 14th International Scientific Conference of Sport Kinetics 2018 "Movement in Human Life and Health"
  2. 2018-06-24 - 2018-06-27
  3. Poreč, Chorwacja
Abstrakty ( angielski )
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PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyse self-assessment of intensity and different types of physical activity in pregnant women and their health behaviours. METHODS: The research was conducted on a sample of 162 pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy. The tool used for assessing the physical activity was Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire – Polish version (PPAQ-PL) (Krzepota, Sadowska, Pelczar & Sempolska, 2017; Krzepota & Sadowska, 2017). The PPAQ allows pregnant women to self-assess their total activity in the current trimester. The questions investigated time devoted to various types of activity related to household/caregiving, transportation, sports/exercise in their free time, occupational activity and inactivity. Based on the average weekly energy expenditure, each of these activities is classified by intensity: sedentary activity, light, moderate and vigorous intensity activity. The methodological basis for investigating health behaviours was the Health Behaviour Inventory (HBI) (Juczyński 2001). Four categories of health behaviours were analysed separately: Positive Thinking, Proper Nutritional Habits, Health Practices and Preventive Behaviours. The General Index of Intensity of Health Behaviours (GIIHB) was calculated by adding the results for all the 24 statements included in the HBI. Differences in physical activity depending on the level of health behaviours were evaluated by means of the Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA. Relationships between the variables were analysed using Spearman’s rank correlation test. RESULTS: The analysis revealed that the GIIHB was high in 50.0%, average in 35.8 % and low in 14.2% of pregnant women. However, GIIHB was not a factor that significantly differentiated intensity or types of physical activity. Notwithstanding statistically significant positive relationships were observed between Health Practices (HBI) and two categories of PPAQ-PL: total activity of light intensity and above (R=-0,172) and moderate intensity activity (R=-0,177). CONCLUSIONS: In light of the literature review this is the first research carried out in this group based on the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire and Health Behaviour Inventory. Drawing conclusions about the presence of a correlation between physical activity and health behaviours in pregnant women in the case of such a low number and low strength of the documented correlations requires a very careful interpretation of the results. It seems necessary to repeat the examinations in a bigger group of women in all trimesters of pregnancy while using other research tools in order to better understand or confirm the correlations.
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